All-American City of Pharr

Landscaping

When it comes to beautifying ‘our piece of land’, usually one thinks of trees, shrubs, flowers, color, height, types, and the money such will cost. With this in mind, most usually go to the closest source of greenery whether it be the local garden store, the flea markets, the neighbors, or the mail order catalogs. Unless there is some knowledge of what is going to be planted, there are many times the greenery purchased does not survive “in our part of the world”.

To help with this situation, the Planning and Zoning Department recommends the following landscaping greenery. These are native to our area and survive the heat of our summers, are water conservative, and provide beautiful scenes of color.

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

CHARACTERISTICS

SHORT TREES

6 TO 25 FEET TALL

 

 

Huisache+

Acacia smallii

Deciduous; Delicate leaves

Jerusalem Thorn+

Parkinsonia acueleata

Deciduous, yellow flowers; fast growing and hardy

Mexican Buckeye+

Ungnadia speciosa

Deciduous, rose colored flowers; fall leaf color

Wright Acacia+

Acacia wrightii

Deciduous; rounded crown; flowers in spring

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

 

 

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

CHARACTERISTICS

SMALL TREES

20 TO 35 FEET TALL

 

 

Desert Willow*


Chilopsis Linearis



 

Flowers in summer

Eldarica Pine+

Pinus eldarica

Best for alkaline soils; Christmas tree shaped

Honey Mesquite*

Prosopis glandulosa

Lacy spreading form

Mexican Plum*

Prunus Mexicana

Spring flowers

Texas Ebony*

Pithecellobium flexicaule

Airy foliage and flowers

Wild Olive*

Corida boissieri

White flowers and bold foliage

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

 

 

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME


CHARACTERISTICS



LARGE TREES

ABOVE 35 FEET TALL

 

 

Bald Cypress*

Taxodium distichum

Deciduous conifer; fall color

Chinquapin Oak*

Quercus muhlenbergi

Round-topped tree; bold foliage

Honey Locust

Gleditsia triacanthos

Thornless varieties available

Live Oak

Quercus virginiana

Evergreen shade tree

Shumard Oak

Quercus shumardii

Fall color

Texas Red Oak

Quercus texana

Fall color

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

 

 

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

CHARACTERISTICS

DWARF SHRUBS

1 TO 3 FEET TALL

 

 

Autumn sage+

Salvia Greggii

Evergreen; full to part sun; flowers

Dwarf Pittosporum


Pittosporum tobira w.



 

Small; round evergreen

Mealy Blue Sage

Salvia farinacea

Evergreen; blue flowers

Mountain Sage

Salvia Farinacea

Evergreen; sun; flowers spring through fall seasons

Rosemary

Rosmarinus offcinalis

Fragrant blue-green foliage; blue flowers; herb

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

 

 


COMMON NAME



SCIENTIFIC NAME



CHARACTERISTICS

SMALL SHRUBS

1 TO 3 FEET TALL

 

 

China Rose

Rosa chinensis

Hardy; long blooming; pest resistant

Dwarf Palmetto*

Sabal minor

Trunkless; bushy palm

Sotol+

Dasylirion texnum

Evergreen; flowers; cactus-like narrow leaves

Tea Rose

Rosa odorata

Pest resistant; flowers; hardy

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

 

 


COMMON NAME


SCIENTIFIC NAME

CHARACTERISTICS

MEDIUM SHRUBS

6 TO 9 FEET TALL

 

 

Agarita*

Mahonia trifoliate

Yellow spring flowers; red edible berries; evergreen

Catclaw Acacia+

Acacia greggii

Deciduous; delicate leaves

Central Texas Sage

Leucophyllum sp.

Evergreen foliage; summer flowers

Esperanza

Tecoma stans

Floriferous plant; easy to grow; yellow flowers

Green Pittosporum

Pittosporum tobira

Large evergreen shrub

Italian Jasmine

Jasmine humile

Sprawling evergreen; summer flowers

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Orange flowers; edible fruit

Roemer Acacia+

Acacia roemeriana

Diciduous; Delicate leaves

Variegated Pittospurum

Pittosporum tobira variegate

Green/white variegated evergeeen

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

 

 


COMMON NAME


SCIENTIFIC NAME

CHARACTERISTICS

SMALL SHRUBS

10 TO 25 FEET TALL

 

 

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea glabra chois

Torny vine; evergreen shrub

California Fan Palm

Washingtonia filifera

Tree-like palm, slow growth

Cherry Laurel*

Prunus caroliana

Tree-like evergreen

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Summer flowers; evergreen

Possumhaw*

Ilex decidua

Deciduous holly; red berries

Texas Mountain laurel*

Sophora secundiflora

Tree-like evergreen; spring flowers

Texas Palmetto*

Sabal texana

Tall palm

Texas Persimmon*

Diospyros texana

Tree-like; fruit edible by animals

Whitehorn Acacia+

Acacia constricta

Deciduous; delicate leaves, filtered shade

Windmill Palm

Tachycarpus fortunei

Tree-like

*Texas Native

 

 

+Can survive on 10 inches or less water per year

 

 

For more native plants suitable specifically to our area, visit The Native Plant Project of the LRGV